FEB 2014

EyeWorld is the official news magazine of the American Society of Cataract & Refractive Surgery.

Issue link: https://digital.eyeworld.org/i/274531

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Boston Fun Fact E W SECONDARY FEATURE 6 9 February 2011 February 2014 Toric IOLs by Rich Daly EyeWorld Contributing Writer Measurement remains key to best toric IOL outcomes Although many patients can benefit from toric lenses, surgeons have to take special care to ensure their fit and location A dhering to key measure- ment steps in toric lens implantation can keep both standard and chal- lenging astigmatism patients on track. A lthough Sydney L. Tyson, MD, an attending surgeon at Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, avoids implanting toric IOLs in eyes with highly irregular corneas for fear of inducing or worsening higher order aberrations, he does not limit toric lenses to patients with regular corneal astigmatism. "In general, I believe that maxi- mizing the treatment of regular astigmatism will greatly improve these patients' overall vision even if there is some residual irregular astig- matism," Dr. Tyson said. "I do make sure to inform the patient of this reality." Audrey Talley Rostov, MD, in private practice, Seattle, said the best results in toric IOL implantation are achieved with patients who have regular astigmatism, but she also has had success with keratoconus patients. Preop prep For Dr. Talley Rostov the key to a successful toric IOL implantation is to obtain the correct axis and amount of cylinder to be corrected. She usually uses the axis of astigma- tism obtained with the Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) and the amount of cylinder using manual K readings. In addition, Dr. Talley Rostov obtains intraop aberrometry on toric IOL patients and utilizes the values for both the axis and amount of cylinder. "Although I usually use the intraoperative aberrometry in cases where there is a difference in amount of astigmatism, in an irregu- lar cornea, such as a post-PK patient, I sometimes use the Pentacam read- ings," she said. Dr. Tyson uses several diagnostic methods to assess both the magni- tude and axis of astigmatism preop- eratively including autokeratometry, IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) keratometry, and keratometry derived from Pentacam tomography. In addition to using the Pentacam to help determine the reg- ularity of the patient's astigmatism, Dr. Tyson uses the preop measure- ments as a basis for comparison with measurements derived from intraop aberrometry with the VerifEye ORA wavefront intraopera- tive aberrometry system (WaveTec Vision, Aliso Viejo, Calif.). "Ultimately, we base our final determinations on the VerifEye due to its accuracy in determining the steep axis, the power of the toric lens to implant and the proper alignment of the lens on this axis," Dr. Tyson said. "The device can also uniquely take into account the effect of posterior corneal astigmatism, which is difficult to measure preop- eratively." When marking the axis, Dr. Talley Rostov has patients sit upright for initial marking. In the operating room, she uses the intraoperative aberrometer and marks the axis under the microscope. Positioning the patient's head and having the patient looking directly at the mi- croscope light are important to be sure that the toric marks on the IOL align with the toric marks at the limbus. Dr. Tyson does not mark the steep axis of astigmatism preop or use reference marks on the cornea due to "exceptional" toric lens align- ment from intraop aberrometry. Among the keys to ensuring the toric lens ends up positioned at the planned axis at the end of surgery is a symmetric, well-centered capsu- lorhexis that encompasses the toric lens edge, Dr. Tyson said. Addition- ally, he removes all viscoelastic from behind the lens to minimize the opportunity for lens malrotation. Dr. Talley Rostov agreed about the importance of the intraoperative aberrometer to help with correct placement of the toric IOL at the end of surgery. "I use the VerifEye software of the ORA, and it will tell you in 'real time' whether to rotate the IOL clockwise or counterclockwise for best placement," Dr. Talley Rostov said. Additional pearls To ensure optimum toric IOL out- comes with astigmatism, Dr. Talley Rostov aims to account for the natu- r al drift over time toward against- the-rule astigmatism. To offset this effect, she leaves a small amount of with-the-rule astigmatism at the end of the case. "Undercorrect with-the-rule cylinder and overcorrect against-the- rule cylinder so that ideally residual cylinder is less than 0.25 D to 0.50 D w ith-the-rule," Dr. Talley Rostov said. "The best results are obtained with patients with regular astigma- tism." Additionally, it is important to ensure that any ocular surface dis- ease, such as dry eye, is adequately treated before obtaining measure- ments and performing cataract surgery. Dr. Tyson's plan for a mild against-the-rule shift with age leads him to target a postop goal of 0.25 D to 0.50 D of with-the-rule anterior corneal astigmatism, even if he has to flip the axis to achieve that. "Despite all this planning and preparation, one can still have un- controllable intangibles and end up with residual, off-axis astigmatism," Dr. Tyson said. "Just be prepared to handle these eventualities postoper- atively by methods such as lens rotation or exchange, excimer laser ablation or incisional treatment, or glasses or contacts." EW Editors' note: Dr. Tyson has financial interests with WaveTec. Dr. Talley Rostov has no financial interests related to this article. Contact information Talley Rostov: atalleyrostov@nweyes.com Tyson: sydtyson@comcast.net At 90 feet below the surface, the Ted Williams Tunnel is the deepest tunnel in North America. Source: www.cityofboston.gov " Despite all this planning and preparation, one can still have uncontrollable intangibles and end up with residual, off-axis astigmatism. Just be prepared to handle these eventualities postoperatively … " – Sydney L. Tyson, MD 69-71 2nd Feature_EW February 2014-DL2_Layout 1 1/30/14 10:52 AM Page 69

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