DEC 2020

EyeWorld is the official news magazine of the American Society of Cataract & Refractive Surgery.

Issue link: https://digital.eyeworld.org/i/1312630

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Page 135 of 138

XIIDRA ® (lifitegrast ophthalmic solution), for topical ophthalmic use Initial U.S. Approval: 2016 BRIEF SUMMARY: Please see package insert for full prescribing information. 1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE Xiidra ® (lifitegrast ophthalmic solution) 5% is indicated for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease (DED). 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS Xiidra is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to lifitegrast or to any of the other ingredients in the formulation [see Adverse Reac- tions (6.2)]. 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS The following serious adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling: • Hypersensitivity [see Contraindications (4)] 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. In five clinical trials of DED conducted with lifitegrast ophthalmic solution, 1401 patients received at least one dose of lifitegrast (1287 of which received lifitegrast 5%). The majority of patients (84%) had less than or equal to 3 months of treatment exposure. One hundred-seventy patients were exposed to lifitegrast for approximately 12 months. The majority of the treated patients were female (77%). The most common adverse reac- tions reported in 5%-25% of patients were instillation-site irritation, dys- geusia, and reduced visual acuity. Other adverse reactions reported in 1%-5% of the patients were blurred vision, conjunctival hyperemia, eye irritation, headache, increased lacri- mation, eye discharge, eye discomfort, eye pruritus, and sinusitis. 6.2 Postmarketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of Xiidra. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a pop- ulation of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Rare serious cases of hypersensitivity, including anaphylactic reaction, bronchospasm, respiratory distress, pharyngeal edema, swollen tongue, urticaria, allergic conjunctivitis, dyspnea, angioedema, and allergic derma- titis have been reported. Eye swelling and rash have also been reported [see Contraindications (4)]. 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy Risk Summary There are no available data on Xiidra use in pregnant women to inform any drug-associated risks. Intravenous (IV) administration of lifitegrast to pregnant rats, from premating through gestation day 17, did not produce teratogenicity at clinically relevant systemic exposures. Intravenous administration of lifitegrast to pregnant rabbits during organogenesis produced an increased incidence of omphalocele at the lowest dose tested, 3 mg/kg/day (400-fold the human plasma exposure at the recommended human ophthalmic dose [RHOD], based on the area under the curve [AUC] level). Since human systemic exposure to lifitegrast following ocular administration of Xiidra at the RHOD is low, the applicability of animal findings to the risk of Xiidra use in humans during pregnancy is unclear [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) in the full prescribing information]. Data Animal Data Lifitegrast administered daily by IV injection to rats, from premating through gestation day 17, caused an increase in mean pre-implantation loss and an increased incidence of several minor skeletal anomalies at 30 mg/kg/day, representing 5,400-fold the human plasma exposure at the RHOD of Xiidra, based on AUC. No teratogenicity was observed in the rat at 10 mg/kg/day (460-fold the human plasma exposure at the RHOD, based on AUC). In the rabbit, an increased incidence of omphalocele was observed at the lowest dose tested, 3 mg/kg/day (400-fold the human plasma exposure at the RHOD, based on AUC), when administered by IV injection daily from gestation days 7 through 19. A fetal no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) was not identified in the rabbit. 8.2 Lactation Risk Summary There are no data on the presence of lifitegrast in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. However, sys- temic exposure to lifitegrast from ocular administration is low [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) in the full prescribing information]. The develop- mental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered, along with the mother's clinical need for Xiidra and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from Xiidra. 8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and efficacy in pediatric patients below the age of 17 years have not been established. 8.5 Geriatric Use No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and younger adult patients. Distributed by: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation One Health Plaza East Hanover, NJ 07936 T2020-87

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